There are several agencies involved in the authorization of medical cannabis in Colombia. The ICA (the Colombian Agency for Agricultural and Animal Husbandry Products) will confirm that any kind of industrial crop farming has obtained certain phytosanitary and food safety approvals. The Ministry of Justice authorizes the cultivation. The Ministry of Health issues the authorization to process the raw materials into processed ingredients, such as resins and oils that are not to be sold to the public. INVIMA is the agency that conducts market approval procedures for finished products.
The regulations intent is for patients to have access to pharmaceutical products. If a patient prefers to use raw cannabis, the regulations provide for the possibility of growth for personal consumption. No processing or commercialization is allowed for this personal consumption option.
As established in Resolution 579, 2017, issued by the Ministries of Health, Justice and Agriculture, growers that cultivate on a half a hectare area (5,000 square meters) or less are considered small and medium growers and, therefore, may access technical advice, priority allocation of quotas and purchase of their production by the processor. The regulation, in effect, establishes that 10 percent of the total production of the processor must come from a small and medium producer.